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Preventing and Controlling Healthcare-Associated Infection Standard

When caring for children, health service organisations require evidence-based infection prevention and control processes.

Why does this standard need special consideration by health service organisations that provide care for children?

When caring for children, health service organisations require evidence-based infection prevention and control processes. These are largely set out in the Preventing and Controlling Healthcare-Associated Infection Standard. Some risks that relate to children require specific precautions because of:

  • Children’s immature immune systems and the different ways that infections affect children18,19
  • Children having lower reserves and greater susceptibility than adults if they get an infection
  • Children spreading infectious material by the nature of their play, or because they are too young to perform their own hand or respiratory hygiene.20
Last updated 3rd July, 2018 at 01:13am

18. Joram N, de Saint Blanquat L, Stamm D, Launay E, Gras-Le Guen C. Healthcare-associated infection prevention in pediatric intensive care units: a review. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2012;31(10):2481–90.

19. Polin R, Denson S, Brady M. Strategies for prevention of health care-associated infections in the NICU. Pediatrics 2012;129(4):e1085–93.

20. Calderón T, Cofn S, Sammons J. Preventing the spread of pertussis in pediatric healthcare settings. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2015;4(3):252–9.

21. Sathiyamurthy S, Banerjee J, Godambe SV. Antiseptic use in the neonatal intensive care unit – a dilemma in clinical practice: an evidence based review. World J Clin Pediatr 2016;5(2):159–71.

22. Howard R. The appropriate use of topical antimicrobials and antiseptics in children. Pediatr Ann 2001;30(4):219–24.

23. Clinical Excellence Commission. Infection prevention and control practice handbook: principles for NSW public health organisations. Sydney: CEC; 2016 (accessed Jul 2016).

24. Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation. The Australian immunisation handbook. 10th ed. Australian Government Department of Health; 2015 (accessed Aug 2017).

25. Osowicki J, Gwee A, Noronha J, Palasanthiran P, McMullan B, Britton PN, et al. Australia-wide point prevalence survey of the use and appropriateness of antimicrobial prescribing for children in hospital. Med J Aust 2014;201(11):657–62.

26. National Centre for Antimicrobial Stewardship. National Antimicrobial Prescribing Survey [Internet]. Melbourne: NCAS [cited 2017 Dec 21].

27. Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, NSW Therapeutic Advisory Group Inc. National QUM indicators for Australian hospitals. Sydney: ACSQHC [cited 2017 Dec 21].